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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (Festival and Special Event Management, Second Edition),台北,五觀藝術管理,2004。
  2. HATCH, Elvin,(于嘉雲譯),《文化與道德》(The Culture and Morality : The Relativity of Values in Anthropology),台北,時報出版,1994 。
  3. (Many Globalizations : Cultural Diversity in the Contemporary World),台北
  4. (Merketing Asian Places:attracting investment, industry, and tourism to cities, states,
  5. RENTSCHLER Ruth 主編,(羅秀芝譯),《文化新形象—藝術與娛樂管理》
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李姿儀(2014)。城市文化空間再現:以高雄國際貨櫃藝術節為例。淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-128。 
  2. 吳詩瑩(2013)。歐洲文化首都之城市文化再造:以法國里爾為例。淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-94。 
  3. 林佳蓉(2011)。法國城市劇場之城市行銷效益:以亞維儂外圍藝術節為例。淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-170。 
  4. 嚴淳甄(2007)。德國文化外交政策之研究:柔性權力的施展。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2007。1-130。 
  5. 姚綺欣(2009)。創意城市官方旅遊網站之意象研究。中原大學商業設計研究所學位論文。2009。1-128。 
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