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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.范凌嘉,台灣縣市長選舉預測模型之研究: 一個基礎模型的建立及其應用,政治大學政治學研究所碩士論文,民國88年。
  2. 7.張世英,選舉預測方法的實證研究,成功大學統計學研究所碩士論文,民國88年。
  3. 1.周應龍;盛杏湲(2005),選樣偏誤模型在選舉預測上的應用,選舉
  4. 2.俞振華;蔡佳泓(2006),如何利用全國性民調推估地方民意?多層次貝式定理估計模型與分層加權的應用,台灣政治學刊,10卷1
  5. 3.盛治仁(2000),總統選舉預測探討-以情感溫度計預測未表態選民的應用, 選舉研究,7卷2期,p75-107。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周家如(2007)。臺灣MBA行銷研究碩士論文研究方法之評估。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2007。1-108。 
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