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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佳儒(2005)。小樹之歌~諮商學習者在專業實習中心路歷程之敘說研究。
  2. 林綺雲(2002)。社會文化與悲傷反應的共構與解構。南華大學「第二屆現代生死學理論建構學術研討會」論文集。
  3. 張利中、林志龍、洪栩隆(2001)。醫學系與護理系學生自我概念落差與死亡焦慮之關係。醫學教育,5,40-50。
  4. 郭淑娟(2000)。家庭教育中心專職人員專業知能與工作倦怠之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系碩士論文。未出版。
  5. 陳彥君(2005)。專業諮商員生涯困境與心理調適歷程之生命故事研究。國立台北師範學院教育心理與諮商學系碩士論文。未出版。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡綾凡(2010)。諮商員工作耗竭的復原歷程研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-167。 
  2. 許維耘(2013)。實習諮商心理師面對案主自殺經驗之敘說研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2013。1-248。
  3. 余易儒(2016)。新進醫務社工經歷個案死亡之經驗。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2016。1-134。
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