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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王立德(2011)。連動債賠付國銀遠低香港。工商時報。2011年3月29日。取自
  2. 汪美伶(2015)。 服務氣候、 顧客導向行為與顧客情感承諾關聯性之探討。 人力資源管理學報, 15(1), 27-54.
  3. 胡凱傑、劉敏熙、賀瑞梅(2012)。銀行業員工滿意度、服務導向組織公民行為與顧客忠誠度之關係─以財富管理部門為例。東吳經濟商學學報,79,45-79。
  4. 陳李綢(2008)。中學生情緒智慧測量與適應性指標研究。 教育心理學報, 39, 61-81。
  5. 陳李綢、蔡順良(2006)。中學生情緒智慧、人際關係、個人特質、自我效能及生活適應測量與適應性指標研究成果報告。邁向卓越教育研討會—教育指標與學習評鑑師資培育政策。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 冀逸婕(2017)。從公平觀點探討顧客公民行為之前因。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-127。
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