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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. S. U.-S. Choi et al., “Enhancing Thermal Conductivity of Fluids with Nanoparticles”, ASME, FED 231, 1995.
  2. 3. S. Lee, S. U.-S. Choi, and J. A. Eastman et al., “Measuring Thermal Conductivity of Fluids Containing oxide Nanoparticles”, Transaction of ASME, Vol. 121, 1999.
  3. 4. S. U.-S. Choi et al., “Thermal Conductivity of Nanoparticel-Fluid mixture”, Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, Vol. 13, No.4, 1999.
  4. 5. S. U.-S. Choi, J. A. Eastman, and S. Li et al., “Anomalously Increased Effective Thermal Conductivities of Ethylene Glycol-based Containing Copper Nanoparticles”, Applied physics letters, Vol. 78, 2001.
  5. 6. H. Xie, J. Wang, and T. Xi et al., “Thermal Conductivity of Suspensions Containing Nanosized SiC Particles”, International Journal of Thermaophysics, vol. 23, No. 2, 2002.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳建廷(2008)。應用銀、二氧化鈦奈米流體增強脈衝式熱管性能之研究。臺北科技大學優質電力供電產業研發碩士專班學位論文。2008。1-109。 
  2. 陳慧倫(2006)。銀奈米流體應用於震盪式熱管效能之研究。淡江大學機械與機電工程學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-79。
  3. 游博淮(2006)。氧化銅奈米流體及水應用於閉迴路型脈動式熱管之研究。臺北科技大學冷凍空調工程系所學位論文。2006。1-82。
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