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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石翹蓁(2011)。視障兒童國語點字教科書使用能力之研究。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系碩士班,未出版,台北市。
  2. 金慧珍、張千惠(2010)。視障青少年同儕社交需求與社交挑戰之探究。教育科學研究期刊,55(1),頁91-125。
  3. 財團法人普立爾文教基金會。雙視點字童書館。上網日期:104年1月11日,檢自:
  4. 高楚鈞(2011)。幼稚園親子共讀之互動歷程與反應研究-以「生活教育主題」為例。國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所,未出版,台北市。
  5. 常雅珍(2005)。說故事的技巧與方法。師友月刊,458,頁72-74。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝慧穎(2017)。聽障幼兒與父母親子共讀的個案研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-115。
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