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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀槐(2004)。教學使命的重新定位-美國著名大學追求教學品質卓越的策略。載於淡江大學高等教育研究與評鑑中心(主編)。21世紀高等教育的挑戰與回應:趨勢、課程、治理。臺北縣淡水鎮:淡大出版中心。頁:267-293。
  2. 王嵩音(2006)。網路使用與選舉參與之研究-以2004年立法委員選舉為例。臺灣民主季刊,3(4),頁:71-102。
  3. 王熙哲、丁耀民(2008)。人際關係網路對虛擬社群使用意願的影響。資訊管理學報,15(1),頁:53-72。
  4. 行政院研究發展考核委員會(2012)。100年個人/家戶數位機會調查。中央研究院調查研究專題中心「學術調查研究資料庫」。未出版。
  5. 吳親恩(2007)。臺灣民眾的政治信任差異。臺灣政治學刊,11(1),頁:147-200。
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