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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊權(民78)。我國壓力團體與教育行政決策之關係。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學教育研究,台北市。
  2. 官有垣(民89)。非營利組織在台灣的發展-兼論政府對財團法人基金會的法令規範。中國行政評論,10(1),75-110。
  3. 洪詠善(民89)。國民教育階段九年一貫課程總綱綱要決策過程之研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所,台北市。
  4. 張世熒(民89)。利益團體影響政府決策之研究。中國行政評論,9(3),23-52。
  5. 陳加再(民91)。教育政策合法化過程之研究:以教育基本法之制定為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉約蘭(2008)。全球在地化教育行政決策模式建構之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2008。1-380。
  2. 莊祐瑄(2008)。爭議型政策的協商式參與過程之研究─以「學校訂定教師輔導與管教學生辦法注意事項」制定過程為例。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2008。1-131。
  3. 楊傑文(2009)。九五高中地理暫綱的課程決定與理念之研究。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2009。1-157。
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