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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃毅志(1999)。社會階層、社會脈絡與主觀意識-台灣地區不公平的社會階層體系之延續。台北:巨流。
  2. 黃毅志(2011)。台灣的教育分流、勞力市場階層結構與地位取得。台北:心理。
  3. 楊振昇(1998)。教育機會均等的理念與省思。教育資料與研究,21(29-30)。
  4. 楊瑩(2008)。歐盟高等教育品質保證制度。台北:高等教育評鑑中心基金會。
  5. 楊瑩(2011a)。高等教育與社會公義-兼論英國大學學費政策。國立台灣師範大學,「新世代的大學定位與價值」國際學術研討會,台北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇鈺茵(2014)。我國大學繁星計畫執行情形及其學生入學適應問題之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-149。 
  2. 邱羽瑄(2014)。我國大學學費政策及對弱勢學生助學措施之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-149。 
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