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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院主計處(2003)。《台閩地區工商及服務業普查報告》。第三卷。
  2. 行政院主計處(2006)。〈台閩地區工商及服務業普查報告〉。第三卷。
  3. 林政逸、辛晚教(2007)。〈創新、能力與文化產業群聚的演化-台北市音樂產業個案研究〉。《地理學報》,第50期,頁23-43。
  4. 陳協勝、張儀民(2010)。〈地理鄰近性對創新活動影響模型之研究-以台灣螺絲廠商為例〉。《地理學報》,第58期,頁89-114。
  5. 游冉琪(2009)。〈地方行銷提升地方競爭力-鶯歌陶博館點土成金的故事〉。《研考雙月刊》第30卷,第5期,頁90-100。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林坤足(2016)。市精密機械科技創新園區推動成果之探討:全局產業群聚觀點。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-251。
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