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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 192 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 31.顧長永,《台灣與東南亞的政治經濟關係:互賴發展的順境與逆境》。台北,風雲論壇出版社有限公司,1998年10月。
  2. 1.Amitav Acharya著,王正毅、馮懷信譯,《建構安全共同體:東盟與地區秩序(Construction a Security Community in Southeast Asia)》。上海,上海人民出版社, 2004年8月,頁114。
  3. 5.Jost Dülffer著,朱章才譯,《二次大戰與兩極世界的形成(Der Zweite Weltkrieg und die Entstehung der bipolaren Welt)》。台北,麥田出版,2000年。
  4. 6.Kishore Mahbubani著,羅耀宗譯,《亞半球大國崛起:亞洲強權再起的衝擊與挑戰(The New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible of Global Power to the East)》。台北,天下雜誌股份有限公司,2008年5月。
  5. 1.Amitav Acharya, “Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia: ASEAN and the Problem of Regional Order”. London, Routelege, 2001.
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