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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文超順(2008)。國民小學超額教師人力資源運用方案之研究。國立政治大學教育研究所博士論文。
  2. 吳芳宜(2011)。淺談學校行銷的具體策略-以屏東縣光春國小為例。學校行政雙月刊,71,頁35-51。
  3. 吳清山(2004)。學校創新經營理念與策略。教師天地,128,頁30-44。
  4. 李玉惠(2003)。國民中學學校革新的社會動力研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系博士論文。
  5. 林仁煥(2008)。學校創新經營的金三角行銷策略之探究-以台北縣屈尺國小為例。學校行政雙月刊,57,頁165-190。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃郁宜(2015)。少子化對高中經營精進方案之研究。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-133。 
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