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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林筱芳、陳勇汀、陳志銘 (2010) 。通識教育開放式課程數位典藏建置之研究。大學圖書館,14(2),83-112。
  2. 劉怡甫 (2013) 。與全球十萬人作同學:談MOOC現況及其發展。高等教育評鑑,42(3),41-44。
  3. 李世忠、徐瑜璘 (2004) 。網路教學互動討論方法之介面設計與發展。教育資料與圖書館學。41(3),389-404。
  4. 陳美華、許銘珊 (2010)。以五大人格李論探討學生喜愛之教師人格特質。休
  5. 吳佳玲 (2011)。南部技職院校大學生人格特質與網路禮儀素養之研究。遠東通
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 溫光鴻(2016)。以即時反饋為基礎的微課學習與行動學習之推薦系統設計與開發。朝陽科技大學資訊管理系學位論文。2016。1-87。
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