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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王仁慶、陳家豪,2002年11月29-30日.解決TRIZ創新設計方法中矛盾矩陣表空矩陣元素之研究”,中國機械工程學會第十九屆全國學術研討會,雲林虎尾。
  2. 4. 杜瑞澤,1994,產品環保設計設計之整合研究,大葉學報,第3卷第1期,pp.103-116。
  3. 8. 杜瑞澤、張孟哲,2002,綠色產品成功商品化之研究,第七屆設計學術研就成果論文集,台灣科技大學 &設計學會,pp.252-258。
  4. 23. 劉志成、陳家豪, 2003年 ,〝結合QFD與TRIZ方法於綠色創新設計之研究”, 2003永續性產品與產業管理研討會, 成功大學。
  5. 32. Chen, J.L. and Ho, J.S., February 1994, “A Comparative Study of Calculating Design Sensitivity Analysis by Using Commercial Finite Element Programs, Finite Elements in Analysis and Design”, The International Journal of Applied Finite Elements and Computer Aided Engineering, Vol. 15, pp. 189-200.
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