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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 236 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇彥斌,《墨西哥的社會運動與民主化》,臺北:臺灣國際研究學會,2006,218頁。
  2. David T. Courtwright著,Forces of Habit: Drugs and the Making of the Modern World,薛絢譯,《上癮五百年》,臺北:立緒文化,2002,310頁。
  3. Eric Schlosser著,Reefer Madness: Sex, Drugs, and Cheap Labor in the American Black Market,王青山譯,《大麻的瘋狂:美國黑市中的性、毒品以及廉價勞工》,北京:社會科學文獻出版社,2006,293頁。
  4. Eric Schlosser著,Reefer Madness: Sex, Drugs, and Cheap Labor in the American Black Market,張美惠譯,《大麻、草莓園、色情王國》,臺北:時報出版,2005,224頁。
  5. Harry Shapiro著,Waiting for the Man: The Story of Drugs and Popular Music,李佳純譯,《等待藥頭:流行音樂與藥物的歷史》,臺北:商周,2007,423頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周厚瑜(2015)。拉丁美洲毒品除罪化問題之研究---以墨西哥為例。淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-126。 
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