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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余青霞(2008)。高中生品格發展之因子模式(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學,臺北市。
  2. 陳冠潔(2002)。一位幼稚園教師在主題式課程中引導行為之探討(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學家政教育系,台北。
  3. 陳維君(2006)。外籍配偶家庭父職教育需求之研究∼以育有學齡兒童父親為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學教育系碩士班,台北。
  4. 陳秋蘭(2007)。新莊市幼托機構教保人員實施親職教育之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系,台北。
  5. 張翡珊(2010)。一位國中老師品德教育實行之行動研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學教育系在職進修碩士班,台北。
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