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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張靜雲(2012年4月)。國民小學英語村情境建置與學生學習動機之個案研究。教育理論與實踐學刊,25,83~113。
  2. 黃祈穎(2011年7月)。不同學習風格學生在情境教學的學習成就表現─北市某情境中心為例(碩士論文)。取自淡江大學電子學位論文服務。(系統識別號U0002-0707201104424700)。
  3. 黃郁雯(2005年)。情境式問題導向融入教學對國小六年級學童科學概念及科學態度之影響(碩士論文)。國立臺北師範學院自然科學教育研究所,臺北市。
  4. 覃怡華(2011年)。任務型語言教學法對國小四年級學童英語口語能力與英語學習態度之影響-以英語情境中心為例(碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系,臺北市。
  5. 覃怡華、戴雅茗(2011年12月)。任務型語言教學法對國小年級學童英語口語能力之影響。國民教育,52(2),57-65。
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