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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.王梅玲,英美與亞太地區圖書資訊學教育 (臺北:文華出版社,2005年10月)。
  2. 2 . 王淑美、溫蓓章,「開放陸客來臺旅遊經濟效益分析」,遠景基金會季刊(臺北),第 11 卷,第3 期,2010 年 7月。
  3. 4 . 范世平,「開放中國大陸民眾來臺旅遊法制遞嬗與影響之研究」,遠景基金會季刊(臺北:遠景基金會,第七卷,第二 期,2006年3月)。
  4. 5 . 張五岳,「兩岸直接三通的政經評析」,經濟前瞻(中華經濟研究院,第83期,2002年9月)。
  5. 4 . 荊少安,開放陸客來臺管理機制及其成效之分析(臺北:淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士論文,2012年6月)。
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