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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭鈺銑,(2010),個人信用卡評分模式之研究-以國內某銀行信用卡為例,國立臺北大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 陳家彬、賴怡洵,(2001),臺灣地區銀行放款有無擔保之決定因素-Logistic模型之實證分析,管理評論,二十卷一期:129-159。
  3. 陳家彬、江惠櫻、賴怡洵,(2003),商業銀行對企業授信決策考量因素與授信品質之關係,管理評論,二十二卷二期:1-23。
  4. Klayman,J. (1988), ”Cue Discovery in Probabilistic Environments: Uncertainty and Experimentation Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition”, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning,Memory, and Cognition., Vol. 14(2), P.317-330。
  5. Leonard D.Stern ,(2011) 「SPSS統計分析圖解式教學手冊」陳正立 譯,旗標出版社。
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