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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪士傑(2007),台灣地區信用合作社各分社獲利能力實證分析-以某信用合作社為例,國立政治大學行政管理碩士學程碩士論文。
  2. 曾紹益(2010),基層金融機構服務品質、顧客滿意度及顧客忠誠度之研究-以花蓮某信用合作社為例,屏東科技大學農企業管理系所碩士論文。
  3. 黃振誼、陳宏鎧(2013),地方基層金融之績效指標與組織變革之探討:以C信用合作社為例,聯大學報,第10卷第1期,P143 – 167。
  4. 黃家驥(2015),信用合作社跨縣市經營服務品質與客戶滿意度及客戶忠誠度之研究 -以H信用合作社為例,逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  5. 諶錫棟(2012),農業金融機構整合代收業務服務品質與顧客滿意度之研究,國立臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所碩士論文。
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