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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Andrews, James E. “An Author Co-citation Analysis of Medical Informatics,”Journal of the Medical Library Association 91, no. 1 (2003): 47-56.
  2. Begg, Colin et al. “Improving the Quality of Reporting of Randomized Controlled Trials: The CONSORT Statement,”JAMA 276, no. 8 (1996): 637-639.
  3. Crawford, James W. and Crawford, Susan. “Research in Psychiatry: A Co-Citation Analysis,”The American Journal Psychiatry 137, no.1 (1980): 52-55.
  4. Ding, Ying., Chowdhury, Gobinda. and Foo, Schubert. “Mapping the Intellectual Structure of Information Retrieval Studies: An Author Co-citation Analysis, 1987-1997,”Journal of Information Science 25, no. 1 (1999): 67-78.
  5. Doherty, Steven. “History of evidence-based medicine. Oranges, chloride of lime and leeches: Barriers to teaching old dogs new tricks,”Emergency Medicine Australasia 17 (2005): 314-321.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳思葦(2010)。1995至2008年間,觀光餐旅學術研究主題、概念和關連性之研究──以觀光休閒學報為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-157。 
  2. 林巧雯(2010)。以關鍵字、書目耦合、共被引探討圖書資訊學 研究主題之分布及變遷。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2010。1-160。
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