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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江玄政、黃國恭與黃雪娟,2001。ISO 14000系列 - 生命週期評估技術與應用手冊,台北:經濟部工業局。
  2. 何孟穎、呂紹旭、李彥蒲、林穎毅、胡仕儀、郭子菱、陳逸民與陳婉如,2011。2011~2012年全球光電市場與台灣光電產業總論,台北:財團法人光電科技工業協進會,2011,105-106。
  3. 張元馨,2011。台灣農業水足跡之估算 – 以稻作生產為例,台灣大學生物資源暨農學院生物環境系統工程學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 黃永東,2008。以ISO 14040標準系列強化產品生命週期評估,品質月刊,第四十四卷,第二期,15-20。
  5. 黃建中,2005。生命週期衝擊評估之客觀權重方法,臺灣大學環境工程研究所博士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黄裕德(2013)。水足跡盤查分析與節水策略-以某印刷電路板軟板廠為例。中央大學環境工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。
  2. 黃翊軒(2013)。應用水足跡分析科學園區用水之研究。成功大學資源工程學系學位論文。2013。1-110。
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