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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 223 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施瑞賢,(2003),來華觀光旅客人數需求預測之研究,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理研
  2. 馮雪英,(2004),知性之旅-俄羅斯,台北: 協和國際多媒體股份有限公司。
  3. 魏鼎耀,(2005),目的地意象、知覺價值與遊後行為意圖關係之研究,碩士論文,成
  4. 李宗鴻,(2003),台灣離島島嶼遊客遊憩體驗之研究,旅遊管理研究,3(2), 51-66。
  5. 李宗鴻,(2005),國家森林遊樂區遊客遊憩體驗之研究,真理觀光學報,3,49-72。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴妏珊(2014)。俄羅斯對獨立國協柔性外交之探討。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2014。1-169。 
  2. 許正賢(2007)。俄羅斯觀光行為意向研究 - 以俄文相關系所學生為例。淡江大學俄羅斯研究所碩士班學位論文。2007。1-149。 
  3. 龔琳晏(2009)。自行車道遊客特性、行前期望與體驗滿意度之研究 -以大鵬灣國家風景區環灣自行車道為例。高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-93。 
  4. 陳美存(2008)。遊客參與高雄燈會節慶活動之休閒效益研究─兼論不同年度之比較。屏東科技大學景觀暨遊憩管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-144。 
  5. 詹依靜(2010)。台灣人前往北海道旅遊行為意圖之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2010。1-196。
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