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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 193 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰、瞿海源著,《社會學與台灣社會》,(台北:巨流出版,2000年)。
  2. 莊博智著,《小布希政府對拉丁裔移民政策之研究:以古巴裔與墨西哥裔為例》,(台北:國立政治大學外交研究所,2006年6月)。
  3. 邱稔壤著,<由伊利安事件論美古雙邊關係>,《問題與研究》,2001年5、6月,第40卷第3期,頁23~47。
  4. 蕭高彥著,<解構解構者,確立主體性?>,《台灣民主季刊》,2005年9月,第2卷第3期,頁147~153。
  5. 賴宗福著,<國際勞動遷移之福利分析:三類移民理論模型之研究>,《東吳經濟商學學報》,2006年,第53期,頁135~154。
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