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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 建構長期照護體系先導計畫-理念與實踐。台灣衛誌,23卷3期,249-258。
  2. 3.呂寶靜(2005)。支持家庭照顧者的長期照護政策之構思。國家政策季刊,
  3. 4.呂寶靜(1999)。老人使用日間照護的決定過程---誰的需求?誰的決定?。
  4. 5.李淑霞、吳淑瓊(1998)。家庭照顧者負荷與憂鬱之影響因素。護理研究,
  5. 持服務需求之初探-以台北市大安區失能老人為例。新臺北護理期刊,6
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳倩宜(2014)。探討慢性阻塞性肺病病人之罹病經驗。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-69。 
  2. 鄭婕妤(2010)。照顧服務員勞動條件影響工作意願之探討。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2010。1-80。
  3. 楊倩華(2010)。失能老人的主要照顧者之需求研究-以屏東縣接受居家服務者為例。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-158。
  4. 馮譯葶(2010)。走出生命負荷、發掘成長能量—家庭照顧者參與自助團體經驗之初探。政治大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2010。1-147。
  5. 郭芳雅(2011)。長期照顧十年計畫服務使用情形-嘉義縣兩年追蹤研究。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2011。1-94。
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