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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃立、李貴英、林彩瑜合著,《WTO國際貿易法論》,(台北:元照出版有限公司,2003年)。
  2. 宋興洲,〈區域主義與東亞經濟合作〉,《政治科學論叢》,第24期,2005年6月,頁5-9。
  3. 曾文宣,《智利對歐盟雙邊經貿關係之研究》,(台北:淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所,2005年6月)。
  4. 張祥儒,《阿根廷農產品出口發展研究(1990-2004)》,(台北:淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所,2007年1月)。
  5. 鄭喬文,《新區域主義之實踐─以南錐共同市場為例》,(淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所,2007)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂湘菱(2014)。兩岸服貿協議關於非金融服務部門開放爭議之研究-管制理論的分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-165。 
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