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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂昀真(2011)。即時回饋機制融入同儕教學法對國小高年級學童閱讀理解學習之研究。臺北市立教育大學課程與教學研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
  2. 教育部(2008)。教育部中小學資訊教育白皮書。臺北:教育部
  3. 教育部(2011)普通高級中學課程綱要。臺北:教育部。
  4. 教育部(2011)國民中小學九年一貫課程綱要語文學習領域(國語文)。臺北:教育部
  5. 廖世傑、吳錫金、黃崑巖、陳偉德(2007)。藉由互動性教學系統提昇醫學院課堂講授教學成效。醫學教育,11(2),168-173。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王倩文(2016)。小組遊戲競賽教學法結合即時回饋系統於大學課堂應用之教學設計。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-135。
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