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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁一顧(2009)。區分化教師評鑑及對我國教師專業發展評鑑的啟示。中等教育,60(2),9-31。
  2. 利一奇(2001)。國小教師實施同儕教練之行動研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 吳和堂(2007)。教師評鑑理論與實務。台北市:高點文化。
  4. 吳和堂、李明堂、李清良(2002)。國小教師評鑑實施之國際比較研究。
  5. 何福田、羅瑞玉(1992)。教育改革與教師專業化,載於中華民國師範教育學會主編,教育專業,1-30,台北:師大書苑。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱美真(2011)。中小學教師對試辦教師專業發展評鑑之態度探討:後設分析。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2011。1-135。
  2. 丁祖怡(2013)。教師績效評估管理制度之探討。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2013。1-176。
  3. 鹿秉永(2016)。臺北市國民小學教師參與教師專業發展評鑑與教學品質關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-145。
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