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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anthony J. Bacaloumis (2007), About Greece, Athens: Secretariat General of
  2. Communication.
  3. Stephanie Debere and Michael Sidwell (2010), “Corruption Perceptions Index 2009,” Transparency International Annual Report 2009, 48-49.
  4. Hellenic Industrial Development Bank S.A.(1992), Investment Guide, 3.
  5. Robert J. Samuelson(2010), “Making Europe Safer,” NewsWeek, 24 May, 2010.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉人碩(2014)。10年期公債殖利率時間數列分析-以歐債危機期間義大利、西班牙與希臘為例。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-40。 
  2. 張寧(2013)。歐盟超國家主義與政府間主義之論爭--歐洲主權債信危機分析(2009-2012年)。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2013。1-165。 
  3. 王立辰(2012)。歐債危機肇因與歐盟策略之研究。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-51。
  4. 陳禕旻(2012)。歐債危機前後信評機構角色之探討。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-51。
  5. 吳芳如(2013)。歐債問題的發展與德國因應策略的分析。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2013。1-112。
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