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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俐蓉(2003)。〈從文化工業到創意產業-Making Sense or Making Money?〉,《文化視窗月刊》,第50期,頁39-45。
  2. 朱柔若譯(2002)。《社會研究方法-質化與量化取向》。台北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。W. Lawrence Neuman(1991), Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.
  3. 徐苔玲、王志弘譯(2006)。《地方:記憶、想像與認同》。台北:群學。Cresswell, Tim, Place: A Short Introduction.
  4. 許功明(1998)。<博物館的展演及其理念>,《博物館學季刊》,第13卷,第4期。
  5. 許坤榮譯(1993)。〈結構歷程和地方-地方感和感覺結構的形成過程〉。夏鑄九、王志弘編譯,《空間的文化形式與社會理論讀本》,頁81-103。台北:明文。Pred., Allen(1983). Structuration and Place: On the Becoming of Sense of
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