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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 喬良、王湘穗著。《超限戰-對全球化時代戰爭與戰法的想定》。北京:解放軍文藝出版社,1999年2月。
  2. 愛得華•尤爾登(Edward Yourdon),凱文譯。《驚爆資訊戰──911事件對資訊科技的影響》。(Bytes Wars : the impact of September 11 on information technology)。台北:培生教育,2002年12月。
  3. 曼威.科司特(Manual Castells),夏鑄九等譯。《網路社會之崛起》。台北:唐山譯叢,1998年4月。
  4. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff Jr. , James E. Dougherty,胡祖慶譯。《國際關係理論導讀》。台北,五南出版社,1993年4月。
  5. 大前研一(Kenichi Ohmae),李宛蓉譯。《民族國家的終結》。(The end of the nation state:the rise of regional economies by Kenichi Ohmae)。台北:立緒文化,1996年2月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀冠廷(2015)。網路戰︰新型態的現代戰爭。中正大學戰略暨國際事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-142。
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