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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.吳元暉,2005。家庭清潔用品可能引發氣喘,健康世界,239:6。
  2. 8.李學愚、高嬿婷、謝峻旭,2001。教育督導介入對中式餐廳刀具與砧板衛生狀況之影響,中華民國營養學會雜誌,26: 61-68。
  3. 9.李學愚、謝峻旭、文長安,1999。中式餐廳廚房工作人員衛生行為正確性量表之建構,中華民國營養學會雜誌,24(3): 288-297。
  4. 11.汪曼穎、陳曉萍,2006。品牌知名度與產品涉入度對於品牌表徵的影響,中華心理學刊,48(3): 235-254。
  5. 13.林佳蓉、陳師瑩,2004。台南地區托兒中心廚工餐飲衛生知識、態度及行為探討,中華民國營養學會雜誌,29(2): 83-96。
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