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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 183 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 17.Robert P. Weber, 林義男譯,內容分析法導論第8版( Basic Content Analysis )《台北:三民書局》,1997年2月。
  2. 4.王錦雀,日本治臺時期殖民與教育政策之演變《第二屆教育哲史討論會,國立台灣師範大學教育系》,2002年2月。
  3. 5.田國興,我國政風機構組織設計之研究-新制度主義之分析《國立成功大學政治經濟研究所碩士》,2003年6月。
  4. 9.何錚,香港廉政建設之研究《國立台灣師範大學三民主義研究所碩士》,2001年。
  5. 12.余致力,倡廉反貪與民主治理,台灣民主,第3卷第3期,2006年9月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林忠毅(2018)。兩岸廉政專責機構之比較研究- 以中國監察部與臺灣廉政署為中心。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2018。1-165。 
  2. 喻璿(2012)。調查局與廉政署功能劃分之研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-207。 
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