Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 成之約、鄭津津(2000)派遣勞動的發展現況與未來展望。勞工行政第146卷,頁43-55。
  2. 呂建德、陳盈方(2010)台灣非典型勞動的問題:趨勢與對策。台北:台灣新社會智庫。
  3. 李碧涵(2001a)知識經濟時代企業競爭優勢與勞動市場風險:國家競爭力的社會經濟分析,論文發表於2001知識經濟社會與國家發展學術研討會,國立台灣大學國家發展研究所主辦,教育部與經建會協辦,台北市:國立台灣大學校總區思亮館學術會議中心,民國九十年五月五日。論文收錄於:2001知識經濟社會與國家發展學術研討會論文集,頁327-352。
  4. 李碧涵(2001b)知識經濟時代國家競爭力的社會經濟分析,國家發展研究(國立台灣大學)第一卷第一期,頁27-61。
  5. 李碧涵(2002)勞動體制的發展:全球化下的挑戰與改革,社會政策與社會工作學刊第六卷第一期,頁185-219。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :