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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于富雲、劉祐興(2004)。教學方法與學習偏好對經濟學學習成效影響之實證性研究。新竹師院學報,18,23-42。
  2. 王以莊(2002)。合作學習策略在創思教育中之實施成效研究。中州學報,15,297-304。
  3. 王永昌、張永宗(2002)。創造雙贏的教學策略:合作學習。生活科技教育。35(3),1-11。
  4. 余泰魁(2007)。科技媒介學習環境之學習成效比較研究。教育心理學報,39-1,69-90。
  5. 吳春燕、郭凡瑞、黃國禎、鍾鼎、林奕汝(2012)。創造思考教學策略對科技大學學生網路問題解決能力之影響。國立臺灣科技大學人文社會學報,8(1),37-70
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江岱潔(2015)。翻轉教室教學法融入在職教育學習成效與學習態度之探究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-105。 
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