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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 330 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.王俊豪(2003)「農業多功能性分析架構與政策評估-以歐盟為例」,『農業推廣文彙』,第48輯,台灣農業推廣學會。(待查)
  2. 6.王俊豪、方珍玲、陳美芬(2012)「農地多功能利用指標系統之建構」,『台灣土地研究』,第一期,頁31-71。
  3. 7.方怡茹(2009)「我國農民對農地功能與價值認知研究-鄉村類型化差異比較」,國立台北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系碩士論文。
  4. 10.行政院農委會(1991)『農業綜合調整方案』。
  5. 11.行政院農委會(1995a)「農委會年報」。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宣雅(2015)。日本六級產業理論應用於台灣地方產業發展之策略-以苗栗公館紅棗產業為例。中央大學客家政治經濟研究所學位論文。2015。1-197。
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