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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.高櫻芬,(2002),風險值之衡量-多變量GARCH模型之應用,經濟論文叢刊第30輯第3期。
  2. 1.Akgiray, V., (1989),“Conditional Heteroskedasticity in Time Series of Stock Returns:Evidence and Forecasts,” Journal of Business, Vol. 62, pp.54-80.
  3. 2.Alexander, C. O., and C. T. Leigh, (1997), “On the Covariance Matrices Used in Value at Risk Models,” Journal of Derivatives, Vol. 4, pp.50-62.
  4. 3.Bera, Anil K. and Sangwhan Kim, (1996), “Testing Constancy of Correlation with an Application to International Equity Returns,” University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, CIBER Working Paper 96-107.
  5. 4.Billio, Pelizzon, (2000), “Value-at-Risk: a multivariate switching regime approach,” Journal of Empirical Finance, Vol. 7, pp.531-554.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾智業(2012)。國際投資組合之風險值評估。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-92。 
  2. 程羽旋(2012)。跳躍對波動擇時策略之經濟價值-以台灣股票型投資組合為例。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-71。 
  3. 王文正(2008)。台幣、日幣、澳幣、新加坡四國匯率關聯結構-應用Mixed Copula。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-70。 
  4. 侯幸明(2006)。國際資產投資組合之實證研究。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-42。 
  5. 蘇怡菁(2010)。國際穀物價格波動對毛豬飼料與毛豬產地價格傳遞效果之研究。臺東大學社會科教育學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-52。 
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