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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王薪為(2007)。領導形態、組織氣候、學習型阻值與組織承諾關係之研究–以高科技產業為例。國立成功大學企業管理學系碩士論文,未出版,台南。
  2. 吳萬益(2008)。企業研究方法三版。台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 李淑芬(1996)。台北市國民小學學生家長參與與學校行政決定之研究。國立台北師範學院教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 林仲曦(2006)。經營策略與顧客關係管理投入程度對組織績效的影響。國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台南。
  5. 林依琪(2010)。台灣勞動合作社教育訓練與組織承諾之關係-以工作特性為干擾變數。國立臺北大學合作經濟學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭炳輝(2016)。中華電信客網人員工作特性與服務品質認知關係-以心理契約、社會支持為調節變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-100。
  2. 陳泓彰(2017)。中華電信員工內部行銷與專業承諾關係-以心理契約、工作價值觀為干擾變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-102。
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