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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aggarwal, R., & Rivoli, P. (1990). Fads in the initial public offering market. Financial Management, 19(4), 45-57.
  2. Aggarwal, R., Leal, R., & Hernandez, L.(1993). The aftermarket performance of initial public offerings in Latin America. Financial Management, 22(1), 42-53.
  3. Barber, B. M., & Lyon, J. D. (1997). Detecting long-run abnormal stock returns : The empirical power and specification of test sta- tistics. Journal of Financial Economics, 43(3), 341-372.
  4. Baron, D. P. (1982). A model of the demand for investment banking advising and distribution services for new issues. Journal of Finance, 37(4), 955-976.
  5. Barry, C. B., & Jennings R. H. (1993). The opening price performance of initial public offerings of common stock. Financail Management, 22(1), 54-63.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂清敏(2015)。興櫃流動性及波動性與IPO初期績效之關聯性。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2015。1-44。 
  2. 吳純櫻(2013)。興櫃股票審議期間異常報酬-富爸爸股東效應。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-102。
  3. 謝旻倫(2016)。第一上市(櫃)公司申請IPO方式與短期績效研究。臺北大學會計學系學位論文。2016。1-55。
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