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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 155 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳秀玲、陳建勳,《中國大陸與拉丁美洲經貿關係研析》,台北,中華經濟研究院,民國94年。
  2. 宮國威,《中美洲地區經濟發展前景》,未出版,民國89年。
  3. 錢剛鐔,《中共外交政策與策略》,台北,黎明文化事業股份有限公司,民國72年。
  4. 柯玉枝,〈90年代中共對拉丁美洲外交政策研析〉,《中國大陸研究》,第41卷第7期,1998年,頁56~57。
  5. Taborsky, Edward, Communist Penetration of the Third World(New York: Robert Speller & Sons Publishers, 1973).
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 俞介凡(2009)。中華民國對中南美洲邦交國經濟外交之研究- 以榮邦計畫為例(1988-2007)。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-206。
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