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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳玲、張俊彥(2002)。高一學生地球科學問題解決能力與其先備知識及推理能力關係的初探研究。科學教育學刊,10(2),135-156。
  2. 吳振銘(2001)。透過遊戲式學習軟體來發展幼兒數字概念。國立台灣師範大學資訊工程研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 洪文東(2003)。創造性問題解決化學單元教學活動設計與評估。科學教育學刊,11(4),407-430。
  4. 翁麗雀、戴玉慈、黃秀梨、陳淑齡(2007)。問題解決的涵義、測量與影響之概述。護理雜誌,54(4),83-87。
  5. 張俊彥、翁玉華(2000)。我國高一學生的問題解決能力與其科學過程技能之相關性研究。科學教育學刊,8(1),35-55。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李若薇(2014)。數位遊戲融入教學設計之研究 ─ 以高中公民「經濟與永續發展」主題為例。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-81。 
  2. 黃怡婷(2013)。數位遊戲式學習應用在二元一次方程式學習之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-159。 
  3. 王思涵(2013)。數位遊戲式學習對中小學學生學習成效影響之後設分析。臺灣師範大學課程與教學研究所學位論文。2013。1-182。
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