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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.尹啟銘(1989)。產品創新自由度、企業策略與技術政策之關係─台灣資訊電子業實證研究。政治大學,博士論文。
  2. 6.成之約、鄭津津(2000)。派遣勞動的發展現況與未來展望,勞工行政,第146 期,頁43-55。
  3. 10.李力昌、張艷秀、鄧雅如(2008)。投入正確的戰場,披上合宜的征衣-國際觀光旅館高階經理人應具備的性格與能力。休閒與遊憩研究,2(2),19-61。
  4. 11.李純櫻(2009)。不動產開發案關鍵成功要素之探討—以專案管理觀點。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系碩士在職專班,碩士論文。
  5. 13.李德煌(2009)。企業不動產管理的績效評估準則分析-以台灣金融業為例。國立台北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系,碩士論文。
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