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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方志華、黃金俊、張蕙芳、陳麗華(2015)。臺北市國小教師參與學習共同體實施現況。載於淡江大學課程與教學研究所、淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所、淡海區學習共同體發展中心舉辦之「2015年臺灣學習共同體課例研究」學術研討會會議手冊,臺北市。
  2. 吳清山(1998)。學校效能研究。臺北:五南。
  3. 李長燦(2003)。「可能發展區」概念的新詮釋及其對幼兒教育的啟示。幼兒保育學刊,(1), 1-18。
  4. 林文生、歐用生(2013)。佐藤學研究的系譜分析合作學習的概念及其實踐反思。國民教育,53(5),67-77。
  5. 林新發、黃秋鑾(2014)。推動校長教學領導以提升教師專業學習社群互動之策略。臺灣教育評論月刊, 3(1),43-62。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江岳庭(2017)。一所偏鄉國中校長推動學習共同體-以學習領導的觀點研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-122。
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