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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈大白(2005a)。Basel II對金融產業的影響。內部稽核,52,8-11。
  2. 何朝乾編著(2004)。銀行內控與風險管理。台北:台灣金融研訓院。
  3. 吳美宜(2005)。我國大學通識生死教育課程設計之研究—德懷術研究法之應用。台灣師範大學衛生教育系在職進修碩士班碩士論文,台北。
  4. 吳清山、林天祐(2001)。德懷術。教育研究,92,127。
  5. 吳偉文、李右婷(2006)。人力資源管理—讀解職能密碼。台北:普林斯頓。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊怡倩(2015)。國內幼兒體能專家教師專業知能分析之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-163。 
  2. 鄧佳惠(2013)。銀保人員能力指標評選之研探--修正式德菲法及層級分析法之應用。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2013。1-105。 
  3. 陳天麒(2013)。本國銀行授信管理人員應具備專業能力探討之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-173。 
  4. 李桂蘭(2011)。財務管理顧問核心能力之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系人力資源碩士在職進修專班學位論文。2011。1-162。
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