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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振世、陳芃婷(2005)。大學教師績效評量模型之建立:以新竹某國立大學為例。科技管理學刊,10(3),121-152。
  2. 王湘閔(2009)。大學教師評鑑與學術自由相關之研究。台北:台灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所碩士論文。未出版。
  3. 吳佩真、張民杰(2007)。國內大學教師教學評鑑現況分析。評鑑雙月刊,9,9-15。
  4. 吳和堂(2007)。教師評鑑:理論與實務。台北:高等教育。
  5. 吳清山、林天佑(2007)。教育名詞-品牌管理。教育資料與研究,75,163-164。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江毓志(2014)。大學教師評鑑之研究:以S科技大學為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-151。 
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