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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王泰俐(2013)。「臉書選舉」?2012年台灣總統大選社群媒體對政治參與行為的影響。東吳政治學報,第31卷,第1期,頁1-52。
  2. 王靖興、孫天龍(2005)。臺灣民眾民主政治評價影響因素之分析。臺灣民主季刊,第2卷,第3期,頁55-79。
  3. 王靖興、王德育(2007)。台灣民眾的政治參與對其政治功效意識之影響:以2004年總統選舉為例。台灣政治學刊,第11卷,第1期,頁69-107。
  4. 王瑋(2016)。青年參政的現況與挑戰-高雄市第二屆青年里長參政經驗之研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。高雄市,國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所。
  5. 王鼎銘(2007)。成本效益、公民責任與政治參與:2004年公民投票的分析。東吳政治學報,第25卷,第1期,頁1-38。
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