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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 176 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李陳錫(2006年6月6日),「韓美FTA談判圍繞農業開放問題發生摩擦」,朝鮮日報中文網,
  2. 陳恆鈞、江慧萍,「樂生事件與新莊捷運線制定之因果關係分析:路徑依賴觀點」,《東吳政治學報》,第28卷第3期(2010年)。
  3. 鍾志明,「歐洲共同體創始階段之歷史制度分析:經濟與安全的權衡」,《政治科學論叢》,第46期(2010年)。
  4. 蘇宏達,「從制度主義解析歐洲聯盟憲法條約草案」,《政治科學論叢》,第20期(2004年)。
  5. 洪德欽,「歐盟新一代自由貿易協定政策之研究」,《歐美研究》,第42卷第4期(2012年)。
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