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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 呂朝賢(2010),貧窮近似決定因素:成長、再分配與人口效果,臺大社會工作學刊,第22期,頁109-151。
  2. 2. 吳親恩(2007),所得分配惡化對公共支出增加的影響:1980-2004,東吳政治學報,第25卷,第1期,頁73-114。
  3. 3. 林金源、朱雲鵬(2003),移轉所得對台灣所得分配的影響,人文及社會科學集刊,第15卷,第3期,頁501-538。
  4. 4. 林宗弘(2009),台灣的後工業化:階級結構的轉型與社會不平等1992-2007,臺灣社會學刊,第43期,頁93-158。
  5. 5. 林師模、張彩姿、林晉勗、翁永和(2010),能源及原物料價格上漲之跨國傳遞效果,臺灣經濟預測與政策,第40卷,第2期,頁1-41。
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