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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.吳清在和謝宛庭(2004),「財務困難公司下市櫃之離散時間涉險預測模式」,會計評論,39,55-88頁。
  2. 4.林淑萍、黃劭彥和蔡坤霖(2007),「企業危機預警模式之研究DEA-DA、邏輯斯迴歸與類神經網路之應用」,會計與公司治理,4(1),35-56頁。
  3. 6.連志剛(2013),「無形資產、研發投入與公司財務危機預警模型之研究」,人文暨社會科學期刊,9(1),21-33頁。
  4. 7.陳昇鴻、鍾國貴和周隆耀(2013),「台灣地區中小企業內部授信評等的決定因素:企業主特質與財務狀況、企業財務特性、產業生命週期與景氣展望的角色」,台灣金融財務季刊,14(2),41-70頁。
  5. 8.陳建宏、陳麗芳和戴錦周(2007),「樣本偏誤對財務危機預警模型之研究」,東吳經濟商學學報,57,29-47頁。
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