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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所(2011)。績效回顧與展望系列:職業壓力與過勞。臺北市:行政院勞委會勞工安全衛生研究所
  2. 吳紫誠(2009)。即時通訊使用與組織溝通及線上領導效能相關性之研究 -以MSN messenger為例。淡江大學全球華商經營管理數位學習碩士在職專班碩士論文,臺北市。
  3. 邱于真(2014)。公共圖書館使用者之圖書館焦慮與網路焦慮研究-以臺南市立圖書館為例。國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
  4. 唐 震(2008)。網路通訊工具作為協調媒介之研究。資訊管理展望,10(1),23-43。
  5. 財團法人資訊工業策進會(2014年12月27)。300萬4G用戶誕生!創新雲服務全面啟動Anytime Anywhere, 掌握新媒體要更S.M.A.R.T。取自
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